Branched splines

by   Guohui Zhao, et al.
Dalian University of Technology

Spline functions have long been used in numerical solution of differential equations. Recently it revives as isogeometric analysis, which offers integration of finite element analysis and NURBS based CAD into a single unified process. Usually many NURBS pieces are needed to build geometrically continuous CAD models. In this paper, we introduce some splines defined on branched covering of sphere, torus or general domains of R^2, which are called branched splines in this paper. A single piece of such splines is enough to build some complex CAD models. Multiresolution analysis on surfaces of high genus built from such splines can be carried out naturally. CAD and FEA are integrated directly on such models. A theoretical framework is presented in this paper, together with some simple examples.


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