Boundary treatment of implicit-explicit Runge-Kutta method for hyperbolic systems with source terms

08/02/2019
by   Weifeng Zhao, et al.
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In this paper, we develop a high order finite difference boundary treatment method for the implicit-explicit (IMEX) Runge-Kutta (RK) schemes solving hyperbolic systems with possibly stiff source terms on a Cartesian mesh. The main challenge is how to obtain the solutions at ghost points resulting from the wide stencil of the interior high order scheme. We address this problem by combining the idea of using the RK schemes at the boundary and an inverse Lax-Wendroff procedure. The former preserves the accuracy of the RK schemes and the latter guarantees the stability. Our method is different from the widely used approach for the explicit RK schemes by imposing boundary conditions at intermediate stages, which could not be derived for the IMEX schemes. In addition, the intermediate boundary conditions are only available for explicit RK schemes up to third order while our method applies to arbitrary order IMEX and explicit RK schemes. Moreover, the present boundary treatment method may be adapted to IMEX RK schemes solving many other partial differential equations. For a specific third-order IMEX scheme, we demonstrate the good stability and third-order accuracy of our boundary treatment through both 1D examples and 2D reactive Euler equations.

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