Book Embeddings of k-Map Graphs

12/12/2020 ∙ by Franz J. Brandenburg, et al. ∙ 0

A map is a partition of the sphere into regions that are labeled as countries or holes. The vertices of a map graph are the countries of a map. There is an edge if and only if the countries are adjacent and meet in at least one point. For a k-map graph, at most k countries meet in a point. A graph is k-planar if it can be drawn in the plane with at most k crossings per edge. A p-page book embedding of a graph is a linear ordering of the vertices and an assignment of the edges to p pages, so that there is no conflict for edges assigned to the same page. The minimum number of pages is the book thickness of a graph, also known as stack number or page number. We show that every k-map graph has a book embedding in 6⌊ k/2 ⌋+5 pages, which, for n-vertex graphs, can be computed in O(kn) time from its map. Our result improves the best known upper bound. Towards a lower bound, it is shown that some k-map graphs need ⌊ 3k/4 ⌋ pages. In passing, we obtain an improved upper bound of eleven pages for 1-planar graphs, which are subgraphs of 4-map graphs, and of 17 pages for optimal 2-planar graphs.

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