Body-worn triaxial accelerometer coherence and reliability related to static posturography in unilateral vestibular failure

07/22/2019 ∙ by M. Alessandrini, et al. ∙ 0

Due to the fact that no study to date has shown the experimental validity of ACC-based measures of body sway with respect to posturography for subjects with vestibular deficits, the aim of the present study was: i) to develop and validate a practical tool that can allow clinicians to measure postural sway derangements in an otoneurological setting by ACC, and ii) to provide reliable, sensitive and accurate automatic analysis of sway that could help in discriminating unilateral vestibular failure (UVF) patients. Thus, a group of 13 patients (seven females, 6 males; mean age 48.6 +/- 6.4 years) affected for at least 6 months by UVF and 13 matched healthy subjects were instructed to maintain an upright position during a static forceplate-based posturography (FBP) acquisition while wearing a Movit sensor (by Captiks) with 3-D accelerometers mounted on the posterior trunk near the body centre of mass. Pearson product moment correlation demonstrated a high level of correspondence of four time-domain and three frequency-domain measures extracted by ACC and FBP testing; in addition, t-test demonstrated that two ACC-based time- and frequency-domain parameters were reliable measures in discriminating UVF subjects. These aspects, overall, should further highlight the attention of clinicians and researchers to this kind of sway recording technique in the field of otoneurological disorders by considering the possibility to enrich the amount of quantitative and qualitative information useful for discrimination, diagnosis and treatment of UVF. In conclusion, we believe the present ACC-based measurement of sway offers a patient-friendly, reliable, inexpensive and efficient alternative recording technique that is -- useful together with clinical balance and mobility tests -- in various circumstances, as well as in outcome studies involving diagnosis, follow-up and rehabilitation of UVF patients.

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