Biobjective Optimization Problems on Matroids with Binary Costs

08/02/2021 ∙ by Jochen Gorski, et al. ∙ 0

Like most multiobjective combinatorial optimization problems, biobjective optimization problems on matroids are in general NP-hard and intractable. In this paper, we consider biobjective optimization problems on matroids where one of the objective functions is restricted to binary cost coefficients. We show that in this case the problem has a connected efficient set with respect to a natural definition of a neighborhood structure and hence, can be solved efficiently using a neighborhood search approach. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first non-trivial problem on matroids where connectedness of the efficient set can be established. The theoretical results are validated by numerical experiments with biobjective minimum spanning tree problems (graphic matroids) and with biobjective knapsack problems with a cardinality constraint (uniform matroids). In the context of the minimum spanning tree problem, coloring all edges with cost 0 green and all edges with cost 1 red leads to an equivalent problem where we want to simultaneously minimize one general objective and the number of red edges (which defines the second objective) in a Pareto sense.

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