Binarized Johnson-Lindenstrauss embeddings

09/17/2020 ∙ by Sjoerd Dirksen, et al. ∙ 0

We consider the problem of encoding a set of vectors into a minimal number of bits while preserving information on their Euclidean geometry. We show that this task can be accomplished by applying a Johnson-Lindenstrauss embedding and subsequently binarizing each vector by comparing each entry of the vector to a uniformly random threshold. Using this simple construction we produce two encodings of a dataset such that one can query Euclidean information for a pair of points using a small number of bit operations up to a desired additive error - Euclidean distances in the first case and inner products and squared Euclidean distances in the second. In the latter case, each point is encoded in near-linear time. The number of bits required for these encodings is quantified in terms of two natural complexity parameters of the dataset - its covering numbers and localized Gaussian complexity - and shown to be near-optimal.

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