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Big Variates: Visualizing and identifying key variables in a multivariate world

06/10/2019
by   S. J. Watts, et al.
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Big Data involves both a large number of events but also many variables. This paper will concentrate on the challenge presented by the large number of variables in a Big Dataset. It will start with a brief review of exploratory data visualisation for large dimensional datasets and the use of parallel coordinates. This motivates the use of information theoretic ideas to understand multivariate data. Two key information-theoretic statistics (Similarity Index and Class Distance Indicator) will be described which are used to identify the key variables and then guide the user in a subsequent machine learning analysis. Key to the approach is a novel algorithm to histogram data which quantifies the information content of the data. The Class Distance Indicator also sets a limit on the classification performance of machine learning algorithms for the specific dataset.

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