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Best of Both Worlds: Practical and Theoretically Optimal Submodular Maximization in Parallel

11/15/2021
by   Yixin Chen, et al.
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For the problem of maximizing a monotone, submodular function with respect to a cardinality constraint k on a ground set of size n, we provide an algorithm that achieves the state-of-the-art in both its empirical performance and its theoretical properties, in terms of adaptive complexity, query complexity, and approximation ratio; that is, it obtains, with high probability, query complexity of O(n) in expectation, adaptivity of O(log(n)), and approximation ratio of nearly 1-1/e. The main algorithm is assembled from two components which may be of independent interest. The first component of our algorithm, LINEARSEQ, is useful as a preprocessing algorithm to improve the query complexity of many algorithms. Moreover, a variant of LINEARSEQ is shown to have adaptive complexity of O( log (n / k) ) which is smaller than that of any previous algorithm in the literature. The second component is a parallelizable thresholding procedure THRESHOLDSEQ for adding elements with gain above a constant threshold. Finally, we demonstrate that our main algorithm empirically outperforms, in terms of runtime, adaptive rounds, total queries, and objective values, the previous state-of-the-art algorithm FAST in a comprehensive evaluation with six submodular objective functions.

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