# Bayesian inversion for Electrical Impedance Tomography by sparse interpolation

We study the Electrical Impedance Tomography Bayesian inverse problem for recovering the conductivity given noisy measurements of the voltage on some boundary surface electrodes. The uncertain conductivity depends linearly on a countable number of uniformly distributed random parameters in a compact interval, with the coefficient functions in the linear expansion decaying at an algebraic rate. We analyze the surrogate Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) approach for sampling the posterior probability measure, where the multivariate sparse adaptive interpolation, with interpolating points chosen according to a lower index set, is used for approximating the forward map. The forward equation is approximated once before running the MCMC for all the realizations, using interpolation on the finite element (FE) approximation at the parametric interpolating points. When evaluation of the solution is needed for a realization, we only need to compute a polynomial, thus cutting drastically the computation time. We contribute a rigorous error estimate for the MCMC convergence. In particular, we show that there is a nested sequence of interpolating lower index sets for which we can derive an interpolation error estimate in terms of the cardinality of these sets, uniformly for all the parameter realizations. An explicit convergence rate for the MCMC sampling of the posterior expectation of the conductivity is rigorously derived, in terms of the interpolating point number, the accuracy of the FE approximation of the forward equation, and the MCMC sample number. We perform numerical experiments using an adaptive greedy approach to construct the sets of interpolation points. We show the benefits of this approach over the simple MCMC where the forward equation is repeatedly solved for all the samples and the non-adaptive surrogate MCMC with an isotropic index set treating all the random parameters equally.

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