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Bayesian inference for transportation origin-destination matrices: the Poisson-inverse Gaussian and other Poisson mixtures

by   Konstantinos Perrakis, et al.

In this paper we present Poisson mixture approaches for origin-destination (OD) modeling in transportation analysis. We introduce covariate-based models which incorporate different transport modeling phases and also allow for direct probabilistic inference on link traffic based on Bayesian predictions. Emphasis is placed on the Poisson-inverse Gaussian as an alternative to the commonly-used Poisson-gamma and Poisson-lognormal models. We present a first full Bayesian formulation and demonstrate that the Poisson-inverse Gaussian is particularly suited for OD analysis due to desirable marginal and hierarchical properties. In addition, the integrated nested Laplace approximation (INLA) is considered as an alternative to Markov chain Monte Carlo and the two methodologies are compared under specific modeling assumptions. The case study is based on 2001 Belgian census data and focuses on a large, sparsely-distributed OD matrix containing trip information for 308 Flemish municipalities.


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