Balancing the Spread of Two Opinions in Sparse Social Networks

05/21/2021
by   Dušan Knop, et al.
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Inspired by the famous Target Set Selection problem, we propose a new discrete model for simultaneously spreading several opinions within a social network and perform an initial study of its complexity. Here, we are given a social network, a seed-set of agents for each opinion, and two thresholds for each agent. The first threshold represents the willingness of an agent to adopt an opinion if the agent has no opinion at all, while the second threshold states for willingness to acquire second opinion. The goal is to add as few agents as possible to the initial seed-sets such that, once the process started with these seed-sets stabilizes, each agent has either both opinions or none. We show that the problem is NP-hard. Further, we investigate the complexity from the parameterized point-of-view. The problem is W[1]-hard with respect to the solution size. The problem remains W[1]-hard even for the combination of parameters the solution size and treewidth of the network even if all thresholds are at most 3, or the activation process stabilizes within 4 rounds. On the other hand, the problem is FPT when parameterized by the number of rounds, maximum threshold, and treewidth. This algorithm applies also for combined parameter treedepth and maximum threshold. Finally, we show that the problem is FPT when parameterized by vertex cover number of the input network alone. Our results also imply that the original Target Set Selection problem is FPT when parameterized by 3-PVC.

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