Balanced data assimilation with a blended numerical model

by   Ray Chew, et al.

A challenge arising from the local Bayesian assimilation of data in an atmospheric flow simulation is the imbalances it may introduce. Fast-mode imbalances of the order of the slower dynamics can be negated by employing a blended numerical model with seamless access to the compressible and the soundproof pseudo-incompressible dynamics. Here, the blended modelling strategy by Benacchio et al. (2014) is upgraded in an advanced numerical framework and extended with a Bayesian local ensemble data assimilation method. Upon assimilation of data, the model configuration is switched to the pseudo-incompressible regime for one time-step. After that, the model configuration is switched back to the compressible model for the duration of the assimilation window. The switching between model regimes is repeated for each subsequent assimilation window. An improved blending strategy ensures that a single time-step in the pseudo-incompressible regime is sufficient to filter imbalances. This improvement is based on three innovations: (i) the association of pressure fields computed at different stages of the numerical integration with actual time levels; (ii) a conversion of pressure-related variables between the model regimes derived from low Mach number asymptotics; and (iii) a judicious selection of the pressure variables used in converting numerical model states when a switch of models occurs. Travelling vortex and bubble convection experiments show that the imbalance arising from assimilation of the momentum fields can be eliminated by using this blended model, thereby achieving balanced analysis fields. The leftover imbalance in the thermodynamics can be quantified by scale analysis.



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