Autonomous Flight through Cluttered Outdoor Environments Using a Memoryless Planner

03/22/2021
by   Junseok Lee, et al.
0

This paper introduces a collision avoidance system for navigating a multicopter in cluttered outdoor environments based on the recent memory-less motion planner, rectangular pyramid partitioning using integrated depth sensors (RAPPIDS). The RAPPIDS motion planner generates collision-free flight trajectories at high speed with low computational cost using only the latest depth image. In this work we extend it to improve the performance of the planner by taking the following issues into account. (a) Changes in the dynamic characteristics of the multicopter that occur during flight, such as changes in motor input/output characteristics due to battery voltage drop. (b) The noise of the flight sensor, which can cause unwanted control input components. (c) Planner utility function which may not be suitable for the cluttered environment. Therefore, in this paper we introduce solutions to each of the above problems and propose a system for the successful operation of the RAPPIDS planner in an outdoor cluttered flight environment. At the end of the paper, we validate the proposed method's effectiveness by presenting the flight experiment results in a forest environment. A video can be found at www.youtube.com/channel/UCK-gErmvZlBODN5gQpNcpsg

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