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Automorphism Groups of Graphical Models and Lifted Variational Inference

by   Hung Bui, et al.

Using the theory of group action, we first introduce the concept of the automorphism group of an exponential family or a graphical model, thus formalizing the general notion of symmetry of a probabilistic model. This automorphism group provides a precise mathematical framework for lifted inference in the general exponential family. Its group action partitions the set of random variables and feature functions into equivalent classes (called orbits) having identical marginals and expectations. Then the inference problem is effectively reduced to that of computing marginals or expectations for each class, thus avoiding the need to deal with each individual variable or feature. We demonstrate the usefulness of this general framework in lifting two classes of variational approximation for maximum a posteriori (MAP) inference: local linear programming (LP) relaxation and local LP relaxation with cycle constraints; the latter yields the first lifted variational inference algorithm that operates on a bound tighter than the local constraints.


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