Automatic Multi-Stain Registration of Whole Slide Images in Histopathology

07/29/2021
by   Abubakr Shafique, et al.
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Joint analysis of multiple biomarker images and tissue morphology is important for disease diagnosis, treatment planning and drug development. It requires cross-staining comparison among Whole Slide Images (WSIs) of immuno-histochemical and hematoxylin and eosin (H E) microscopic slides. However, automatic, and fast cross-staining alignment of enormous gigapixel WSIs at single-cell precision is challenging. In addition to morphological deformations introduced during slide preparation, there are large variations in cell appearance and tissue morphology across different staining. In this paper, we propose a two-step automatic feature-based cross-staining WSI alignment to assist localization of even tiny metastatic foci in the assessment of lymph node. Image pairs were aligned allowing for translation, rotation, and scaling. The registration was performed automatically by first detecting landmarks in both images, using the scale-invariant image transform (SIFT), followed by the fast sample consensus (FSC) protocol for finding point correspondences and finally aligned the images. The Registration results were evaluated using both visual and quantitative criteria using the Jaccard index. The average Jaccard similarity index of the results produced by the proposed system is 0.942 when compared with the manual registration.

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