Automatic multi-objective based feature selection for classification

07/09/2018 ∙ by Zhiguo Zhou, et al. ∙ 0

Accurately classifying malignancy of lesions detected in a screening scan plays a critical role in reducing false positives. Through extracting and analyzing a large numbers of quantitative image features, radiomics holds great potential to differentiate the malignant tumors from benign ones. Since not all radiomic features contribute to an effective classifying model, selecting an optimal feature subset is critical. This work proposes a new multi-objective based feature selection (MO-FS) algorithm that considers both sensitivity and specificity simultaneously as the objective functions during the feature selection. In MO-FS, we developed a modified entropy based termination criterion (METC) to stop the algorithm automatically rather than relying on a preset number of generations. We also designed a solution selection methodology for multi-objective learning using the evidential reasoning approach (SMOLER) to automatically select the optimal solution from the Pareto-optimal set. Furthermore, an adaptive mutation operation was developed to generate the mutation probability in MO-FS automatically. The MO-FS was evaluated for classifying lung nodule malignancy in low-dose CT and breast lesion malignancy in digital breast tomosynthesis. Compared with other commonly used feature selection methods, the experimental results for both lung nodule and breast lesion malignancy classification demonstrated that the feature set by selected MO-FS achieved better classification performance.

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