Automated Failure-Mode Clustering and Labeling for Informed Car-To-Driver Handover in Autonomous Vehicles

by   Aaquib Tabrez, et al.

The car-to-driver handover is a critically important component of safe autonomous vehicle operation when the vehicle is unable to safely proceed on its own. Current implementations of this handover in automobiles take the form of a generic alarm indicating an imminent transfer of control back to the human driver. However, certain levels of vehicle autonomy may allow the driver to engage in other, non-driving related tasks prior to a handover, leading to substantial difficulty in quickly regaining situational awareness. This delay in re-orientation could potentially lead to life-threatening failures unless mitigating steps are taken. Explainable AI has been shown to improve fluency and teamwork in human-robot collaboration scenarios. Therefore, we hypothesize that by utilizing autonomous explanation, these car-to-driver handovers can be performed more safely and reliably. The rationale is, by providing the driver with additional situational knowledge, they will more rapidly focus on the relevant parts of the driving environment. Towards this end, we propose an algorithmic failure-mode identification and explanation approach to enable informed handovers from vehicle to driver. Furthermore, we propose a set of human-subjects driving-simulator studies to determine the appropriate form of explanation during handovers, as well as validate our framework.



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