Augmenting Geometric Graphs with Matchings

08/19/2020 ∙ by Alexander Pilz, et al. ∙ 0

We study noncrossing geometric graphs and their disjoint compatible geometric matchings. Given a cycle (a polygon) P we want to draw a set of pairwise disjoint straight-line edges with endpoints on the vertices of P such that these new edges neither cross nor contain any edge of the polygon. We prove NP-completeness of deciding whether there is such a perfect matching. For any n-vertex polygon, with n > 3, we show that such a matching with less than n/7 edges is not maximal, that is, it can be extended by another compatible matching edge. We also construct polygons with maximal compatible matchings with n/7 edges, demonstrating the tightness of this bound. Tight bounds on the size of a minimal maximal compatible matching are also obtained for the families of d-regular geometric graphs for each d in 0,1,2. Finally we consider a related problem. We prove that it is NP-complete to decide whether a noncrossing geometric graph G admits a set of compatible noncrossing edges such that G together with these edges has minimum degree five.

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