ATRO: Adversarial Training with a Rejection Option

10/24/2020 ∙ by Masahiro Kato, et al. ∙ 0

This paper proposes a classification framework with a rejection option to mitigate the performance deterioration caused by adversarial examples. While recent machine learning algorithms achieve high prediction performance, they are empirically vulnerable to adversarial examples, which are slightly perturbed data samples that are wrongly classified. In real-world applications, adversarial attacks using such adversarial examples could cause serious problems. To this end, various methods are proposed to obtain a classifier that is robust against adversarial examples. Adversarial training is one of them, which trains a classifier to minimize the worst-case loss under adversarial attacks. In this paper, in order to acquire a more reliable classifier against adversarial attacks, we propose the method of Adversarial Training with a Rejection Option (ATRO). Applying the adversarial training objective to both a classifier and a rejection function simultaneously, classifiers trained by ATRO can choose to abstain from classification when it has insufficient confidence to classify a test data point. We examine the feasibility of the framework using the surrogate maximum hinge loss and establish a generalization bound for linear models. Furthermore, we empirically confirmed the effectiveness of ATRO using various models and real-world datasets.

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