Asymmetric Siamese Networks for Semantic Change Detection

10/12/2020 ∙ by Kunping Yang, et al. ∙ 0

Given two multi-temporal aerial images, semantic change detection aims to locate the land-cover variations and identify their categories with pixel-wise boundaries. The problem has demonstrated promising potentials in many earth vision related tasks, such as precise urban planning and natural resource management. Existing state-of-the-art algorithms mainly identify the changed pixels through symmetric modules, which would suffer from categorical ambiguity caused by changes related to totally different land-cover distributions. In this paper, we present an asymmetric siamese network (ASN) to locate and identify semantic changes through feature pairs obtained from modules of widely different structures, which involve different spatial ranges and quantities of parameters to factor in the discrepancy across different land-cover distributions. To better train and evaluate our model, we create a large-scale well-annotated SEmantic Change detectiON Dataset (SECOND), while an adaptive threshold learning (ATL) module and a separated kappa (SeK) coefficient are proposed to alleviate the influences of label imbalance in model training and evaluation. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed model can stably outperform the state-of-the-art algorithms with different encoder backbones.

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