Assessing the predictive ability of the UPDRS for falls classification in early stage Parkinson's disease

10/03/2019 ∙ by Sarini Abdullah, et al. ∙ 0

Identification of risk factors associated with falls in people with Parkinson's Disease (PD) is important due to their high risk of falling. In this study, various ways of utilizing the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) were assessed for the identification of risk factors and for the prediction of falls. Three statistical methods for classification were considered:decision trees, random forests, and logistic regression. UPDRS measurements on 51 participants with early stage PD, who completed monthly falls diaries for 12 months of follow-up were analyzed. All classification methods applied produced similar results in regards to classification accuracy and the selected important variables. The highest classification rates were obtained from model with individual items of the UPDRS with 80 sensitivity and 77 comparison of the independent performance of the four parts of the UPDRS revealed the comparably high classification rates for Parts II and III of the UPDRS. Similar patterns with slightly different classification rates were observed for the 6- and 12-month of follow-up times. Consistent predictors for falls selected by all classification methods at two follow-up times are: thought disorder for UPDRS I, dressing and falling for UPDRS II, hand pronate/supinate for UPDRS III, and sleep disturbance and symptomatic orthostasis for UPDRS IV. While for the aggregate measures, subtotal 2 (sum of UPDRS II items) and bradykinesia showed high association with fall/non-fall. Fall/non-fall occurrences were more associated with individual items of the UPDRS than with the aggregate measures. UPDRS parts II and III produced comparably high classification rates for fall/non-fall prediction. Similar results were obtained for modelling data at 6-month and 12-month follow-up times.

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