Animated Logic: Correct Functional Conversion to Conjunctive Normal Form

03/11/2020
by   Pedro Barroso, et al.
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We present an approach to obtain formally verified implementations of classical Computational Logic algorithms. We choose the Why3 platform because it allows to implement functions in a style very close to the mathematical definitions, as well as it allows a high degree of automation in the verification process. As proof of concept, we present a mathematical definition of the algorithm to convert propositional formulae to conjunctive normal form, implementations in WhyML (the Why3 language, very similar to OCaml), and proofs of correctness of the implementations. We apply our proposal on two variants of this algorithm: one in direct-style and another with an explicit stack structure. Being both first-order versions, Why3 processes the proofs naturally.

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