Angular and Temporal Correlation of V2X Channels Across Sub-6 GHz and mmWave Bands

by   Chethan Kumar Anjinappa, et al.

5G millimeter wave (mmWave) technology is envisioned to be an integral part of next-generation vehicle-to-everything (V2X) networks and autonomous vehicles due to its broad bandwidth, wide field of view sensing, and precise localization capabilities. The reliability of mmWave links may be compromised due to difficulties in beam alignment for mobile channels and due to blocking effects between a mmWave transmitter and a receiver. To address such challenges, out-of-band information from sub-6 GHz channels can be utilized for predicting the temporal and angular channel characteristics in mmWave bands, which necessitates a good understanding of how propagation characteristics are coupled across different bands. In this paper, we use ray tracing simulations to characterize the angular and temporal correlation across a wide range of propagation frequencies for V2X channels ranging from 900 MHz up to 73 GHz, for a vehicle maintaining line-of-sight (LOS) and non-LOS (NLOS) beams with a transmitter in an urban environment. Our results shed light on increasing sparsity behavior of propagation channels with increasing frequency and highlight the strong temporal/angular correlation among 5.9 GHz and 28 GHz bands especially for LOS channels.


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