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Analyzing the qualitative properties of white noise on a family of infectious disease models in a highly random environment

by   Divine Wanduku, et al.
Georgia Southern University

A class of stochastic vector-borne infectious disease models is derived and studied. The class type is determined by a general nonlinear incidence rate of the disease. The disease spreads in a highly random environment with variability from the disease transmission and natural death rates. Other sources of variability include the random delays of disease incubation inside the vector and the human being, and also the random delay due to the period of effective acquired immunity against the disease. The basic reproduction number and other threshold conditions for disease eradication are computed. The qualitative behaviors of the disease dynamics are examined under the different sources of variability in the system. A technique to classify the different levels of the intensities of the noises in the system is presented, and used to investigate the qualitative behaviors of the disease dynamics in the infection-free steady state population under the different intensity levels of the white noises in the system. Moreover, the possibility of population extinction, whenever the intensities of the white noises in the system are high is examined. Numerical simulation results are presented to elucidate the theoretical results.


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