Analysis of KNN Density Estimation

09/30/2020
by   Puning Zhao, et al.
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We analyze the ℓ_1 and ℓ_∞ convergence rates of k nearest neighbor density estimation method. Our analysis includes two different cases depending on whether the support set is bounded or not. In the first case, the probability density function has a bounded support and is bounded away from zero. We show that kNN density estimation is minimax optimal under both ℓ_1 and ℓ_∞ criteria, if the support set is known. If the support set is unknown, then the convergence rate of ℓ_1 error is not affected, while ℓ_∞ error does not converge. In the second case, the probability density function can approach zero and is smooth everywhere. Moreover, the Hessian is assumed to decay with the density values. For this case, our result shows that the ℓ_∞ error of kNN density estimation is nearly minimax optimal. The ℓ_1 error does not reach the minimax lower bound, but is better than kernel density estimation.

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