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An Iterative Convolutional Neural Network Algorithm Improves Electron Microscopy Image Segmentation

06/18/2015
by   Xundong Wu, et al.
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To build the connectomics map of the brain, we developed a new algorithm that can automatically refine the Membrane Detection Probability Maps (MDPM) generated to perform automatic segmentation of electron microscopy (EM) images. To achieve this, we executed supervised training of a convolutional neural network to recover the removed center pixel label of patches sampled from a MDPM. MDPM can be generated from other machine learning based algorithms recognizing whether a pixel in an image corresponds to the cell membrane. By iteratively applying this network over MDPM for multiple rounds, we were able to significantly improve membrane segmentation results.

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