An Implicit Attention Mechanism for Deep Learning Pedestrian Re-identification Frameworks

01/30/2020
by   Ehsan Yaghoubi, et al.
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Attention is defined as the preparedness for the mental selection of certain aspects in a physical environment. In the computer vision domain, this mechanism is of most interest, as it helps to define the segments of an image/video that are critical for obtaining a specific decision. This paper introduces one 'implicit' attentional mechanism for deep learning frameworks, that provides simultaneously: 1) masks-free; and 2) foreground-focused samples for the inference phase. The main idea is to generate synthetic data composed of interleaved segments from the original learning set, while using class information only from specific segments. During the learning phase, the newly generated samples feed the network, keeping their label exclusively consistent with the identity from where the region-of-interest was cropped. Hence, as the model receives images of each identity with inconsistent unwanted areas, it naturally pays the most attention to the label consistent consistent regions, which we observed to be equivalent to learn an effective receptive field. During the test phase, samples are provided without any mask, and the network naturally disregards the detrimental information, which is the insight for the observed improvements in performance. As a proof-of-concept, we consider the challenging problem of pedestrian re-identification and compare the effectiveness of our solution to the state-of-the-art techniques in the well known Richly Annotated Pedestrian (RAP) dataset. The code is available at https://github.com/Ehsan-Yaghoubi/reid-strong-baseline.

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