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An Executable Specification of Typing Rules for Extensible Records based on Row Polymorphism

by   Ki Yung Ahn, et al.
Nanyang Technological University

Type inference is an application domain that is a natural fit for logic programming (LP). LP systems natively support unification, which serves as a basic building block of typical type inference algorithms. In particular, polymorphic type inference in the Hindley--Milner type system (HM) can be succinctly specified and executed in Prolog. In our previous work, we have demonstrated that more advanced features of parametric polymorphism beyond HM, such as type-constructor polymorphism and kind polymorphism, can be similarly specified in Prolog. Here, we demonstrate a specification for records, which is one of the most widely supported compound data structures in real-world programming languages, and discuss the advantages and limitations of Prolog as a specification language for type systems. Record types are specified as order-irrelevant collections of named fields mapped to their corresponding types. In addition, an open-ended collection is used to support row polymorphism for record types to be extensible.


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