An efficient monolithic solution scheme for FE^2 problems

01/04/2021 ∙ by Nils Lange, et al. ∙ 0

The FE^2 method is a very flexible but computationally expensive tool for multiscale simulations. In conventional implementations, the microscopic displacements are iteratively solved for within each macroscopic iteration loop, although the macroscopic strains imposed as boundary conditions at the micro-scale only represent estimates. In order to reduce the number of expensive micro-scale iterations, the present contribution presents a monolithic FE^2 scheme, for which the displacements at the micro-scale and at the macro-scale are solved for in a common Newton-Raphson loop. In this case, the linear system of equations within each iteration is solved by static condensation, so that only very limited modifications to the conventional, staggered scheme are necessary. The proposed monolithic FE^2 algorithm is implemented into the commercial FE code Abaqus. Benchmark examples demonstrate that the monolithic scheme saves up to  60



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