An augmentation strategy to mimic multi-scanner variability in MRI

03/23/2021 ∙ by Maria Inês Meyer, et al. ∙ 0

Most publicly available brain MRI datasets are very homogeneous in terms of scanner and protocols, and it is difficult for models that learn from such data to generalize to multi-center and multi-scanner data. We propose a novel data augmentation approach with the aim of approximating the variability in terms of intensities and contrasts present in real world clinical data. We use a Gaussian Mixture Model based approach to change tissue intensities individually, producing new contrasts while preserving anatomical information. We train a deep learning model on a single scanner dataset and evaluate it on a multi-center and multi-scanner dataset. The proposed approach improves the generalization capability of the model to other scanners not present in the training data.

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