Alternative Intersection Designs with Connected and Automated Vehicle

07/22/2019
by   Zijia Zhong, et al.
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Alternative intersection designs (AIDs) can improve the performance of an intersection by not only reducing the number of signal phases but also change the configuration of the conflicting points by re-routing traffic. However the AID studies have rarely been extended to Connected and Automated Vehicle (CAV) which is expected to revolutionize our transportation system. In this study, we investigate the potential benefits of CAV to two AIDs: the diverging diamond interchange (DDI) and the restricted crossing U-turn intersection. The potential enhancements of AID, CAV, and the combination of both are quantified via microscopic traffic simulation. We found that CAV is able to positively contribute to the performance of an intersection. However, converting an existing conventional diamond interchange (CDI) to a diverging one is a more effective way according to the simulation results. DDI improves the throughput of a CDI by 950 vehicles per hour, a near 20 penetration of CAV, the throughput of a CDI is increased only by 300 vehicles per hour. A similar trend is observed in the average delay per vehicle as well. Furthermore, we assess the impact for the driver's confusion, a concern for deploying AIDs, on the traffic flow. According to the ANOVA test, the negative impacts of driver's confusion are of statistical significance.

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