Air Quality Measurement Based on Double-Channel Convolutional Neural Network Ensemble Learning

02/19/2019 ∙ by Zhenyu Wang, et al. ∙ 12

Environmental air quality affects people's life, obtaining real-time and accurate environmental air quality has a profound guiding significance for the development of social activities. At present, environmental air quality measurement mainly adopts the method that setting air quality detector at specific monitoring points in cities and timing sampling analysis, which is easy to be restricted by time and space factors. Some air quality measurement algorithms related to deep learning mostly adopt a single convolutional neural network to train the whole image, which will ignore the difference of different parts of the image. In this paper, we propose a method for air quality measurement based on double-channel convolutional neural network ensemble learning to solve the problem of feature extraction for different parts of environmental images. Our method mainly includes two aspects: ensemble learning of double-channel convolutional neural network and self-learning weighted feature fusion. We constructed a double-channel convolutional neural network, used each channel to train different parts of the environment images for feature extraction. We propose a feature weight self-learning method, which weights and concatenates the extracted feature vectors, and uses the fused feature vectors to measure air quality. Our method can be applied to the two tasks of air quality grade measurement and air quality index (AQI) measurement. Moreover, we build an environmental image dataset of random time and location condition. The experiments show that our method can achieve nearly 82 accuracy and a small average absolute error on our test set. At the same time, through contrast experiment, we proved that our proposed method obtained considerable increase in performance compared with single channel convolutional neural network air quality measurements.

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