AI-driven Inverse Design System for Organic Molecules

01/20/2020 ∙ by Seiji Takeda, et al. ∙ 0

Designing novel materials that possess desired properties is a central need across many manufacturing industries. Driven by that industrial need, a variety of algorithms and tools have been developed that combine AI (machine learning and analytics) with domain knowledge in physics, chemistry, and materials science. AI-driven materials design can be divided to mainly two stages; the first one is the modeling stage, where the goal is to build an accurate regression or classification model to predict material properties (e.g. glass transition temperature) or attributes (e.g. toxic/non-toxic). The next stage is design, where the goal is to assemble or tune material structures so that they can achieve user-demanded target property values based on a prediction model that is trained in the modeling stage. For maximum benefit, these two stages should be architected to form a coherent workflow. Today there are several emerging services and tools for AI-driven material design, however, most of them provide only partial technical components (e.g. data analyzer, regression model, structure generator, etc.), that are useful for specific purposes, but for comprehensive material design, those components need to be orchestrated appropriately. Our material design system provides an end-to-end solution to this problem, with a workflow that consists of data input, feature encoding, prediction modeling, solution search, and structure generation. The system builds a regression model to predict properties, solves an inverse problem on the trained model, and generates novel chemical structure candidates that satisfy the target properties. In this paper we will introduce the methodology of our system, and demonstrate a simple example of inverse design generating new chemical structures that satisfy targeted physical property values.

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