Advances in deep learning methods for pavement surface crack detection and identification with visible light visual images

12/29/2020 ∙ by Kailiang Lu, et al. ∙ 54

Compared to NDT and health monitoring method for cracks in engineering structures, surface crack detection or identification based on visible light images is non-contact, with the advantages of fast speed, low cost and high precision. Firstly, typical pavement (concrete also) crack public data sets were collected, and the characteristics of sample images as well as the random variable factors, including environmental, noise and interference etc., were summarized. Subsequently, the advantages and disadvantages of three main crack identification methods (i.e., hand-crafted feature engineering, machine learning, deep learning) were compared. Finally, from the aspects of model architecture, testing performance and predicting effectiveness, the development and progress of typical deep learning models, including self-built CNN, transfer learning(TL) and encoder-decoder(ED), which can be easily deployed on embedded platform, were reviewed. The benchmark test shows that: 1) It has been able to realize real-time pixel-level crack identification on embedded platform: the entire crack detection average time cost of an image sample is less than 100ms, either using the ED method (i.e., FPCNet) or the TL method based on InceptionV3. It can be reduced to less than 10ms with TL method based on MobileNet (a lightweight backbone base network). 2) In terms of accuracy, it can reach over 99.8 SDNET2018, some samples of which are difficult to be identified, FPCNet can reach 97.5 To the best of our knowledge, this paper for the first time comprehensively summarizes the pavement crack public data sets, and the performance and effectiveness of surface crack detection and identification deep learning methods for embedded platform, are reviewed and evaluated.

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