Advanced Algorithms in Heterogeneous and Uncertain Networking Environments

12/11/2020 ∙ by Itamar Cohen, et al. ∙ 0

Communication networks are used today everywhere and on every scale: starting from small Internet of Things (IoT) networks at home, via campus and enterprise networks, and up to tier-one networks of Internet providers. Accordingly, network devices should support a plethora of tasks with highly heterogeneous characteristics in terms of processing time, bandwidth energy consumption, deadlines and so on. Evaluating these characteristics and the amount of currently available resources for handling them requires analyzing all the arriving inputs, gathering information from numerous remote devices, and integrating all this information. Performing all these tasks in real time is very challenging in today's networking environments, which are characterized by tight bounds on the latency, and always-increasing data rates. Hence, network algorithms should typically make decisions under uncertainty. This work addresses optimizing performance in heterogeneous and uncertain networking environments. We begin by detailing the sources of heterogeneity and uncertainty and show that uncertainty appears in all layers of network design, including the time required to perform a task; the amount of available resources; and the expected gain from successfully completing a task. Next, we survey current solutions and show their limitations. Based on these insights we develop general design concepts to tackle heterogeneity and uncertainty, and then use these concepts to design practical algorithms. For each of our algorithms, we provide rigorous mathematical analysis, thus showing worst-case performance guarantees. Finally, we implement and run the suggested algorithms on various input traces, thus obtaining further insights as to our algorithmic design principles.

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