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Adjusted Logistic Propensity Weighting Methods for Population Inference using Nonprobability Volunteer-Based Epidemiologic Cohorts

by   Lingxiao Wang, et al.

Many epidemiologic studies forgo probability sampling and turn to nonprobability volunteer-based samples because of cost, response burden, and invasiveness of biological samples. However, finite population inference is difficult to make from the nonprobability samples due to the lack of population representativeness. Aiming for making inferences at the population level using nonprobability samples, various inverse propensity score weighting (IPSW) methods have been studied with the propensity defined by the participation rate of population units in the nonprobability sample. In this paper, we propose an adjusted logistic propensity weighting (ALP) method to estimate the participation rates for nonprobability sample units. Compared to existing IPSW methods, the proposed ALP method is easy to implement by ready-to-use software while producing approximately unbiased estimators for population quantities regardless of the nonprobability sample rate. The efficiency of the ALP estimator can be further improved by scaling the survey sample weights in propensity estimation. Taylor linearization variance estimators are proposed for ALP estimators of finite population means that account for all sources of variability. The proposed ALP methods are evaluated numerically via simulation studies and empirically using the naïve unweighted National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III sample, while taking the 1997 National Health Interview Survey as the reference, to estimate the 15-year mortality rates.


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