Addressing Fairness, Bias and Class Imbalance in Machine Learning: the FBI-loss

by   Elisa Ferrari, et al.

Resilience to class imbalance and confounding biases, together with the assurance of fairness guarantees are highly desirable properties of autonomous decision-making systems with real-life impact. Many different targeted solutions have been proposed to address separately these three problems, however a unifying perspective seems to be missing. With this work, we provide a general formalization, showing that they are different expressions of unbalance. Following this intuition, we formulate a unified loss correction to address issues related to Fairness, Biases and Imbalances (FBI-loss). The correction capabilities of the proposed approach are assessed on three real-world benchmarks, each associated to one of the issues under consideration, and on a family of synthetic data in order to better investigate the effectiveness of our loss on tasks with different complexities. The empirical results highlight that the flexible formulation of the FBI-loss leads also to competitive performances with respect to literature solutions specialised for the single problems.



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