Adaptive Weighting Depth-variant Deconvolution of Fluorescence Microscopy Images with Convolutional Neural Network

by   Da He, et al.

Fluorescence microscopy plays an important role in biomedical research. The depth-variant point spread function (PSF) of a fluorescence microscope produces low-quality images especially in the out-of-focus regions of thick specimens. Traditional deconvolution to restore the out-of-focus images is usually insufficient since a depth-invariant PSF is assumed. This article aims at handling fluorescence microscopy images by learning-based depth-variant PSF and reducing artifacts. We propose adaptive weighting depth-variant deconvolution (AWDVD) with defocus level prediction convolutional neural network (DelpNet) to restore the out-of-focus images. Depth-variant PSFs of image patches can be obtained by DelpNet and applied in the afterward deconvolution. AWDVD is adopted for a whole image which is patch-wise deconvolved and appropriately cropped before deconvolution. DelpNet achieves the accuracy of 98.2 outperforms the best-ever one using the same microscopy dataset. Image patches of 11 defocus levels after deconvolution are validated with maximum improvement in the peak signal-to-noise ratio and structural similarity index of 6.6 dB and 11 can eliminate patch boundary artifacts and improve deconvolved image quality. The proposed method can accurately estimate depth-variant PSF and effectively recover out-of-focus microscopy images. To our acknowledge, this is the first study of handling out-of-focus microscopy images using learning-based depth-variant PSF. Facing one of the most common blurs in fluorescence microscopy, the novel method provides a practical technology to improve the image quality.


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