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Adaptive stabilized finite elements: Continuation analysis of compaction banding in geomaterials

08/04/2020
by   Roberto J. Cier, et al.
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Under compressive creep, visco-plastic solids experiencing internal mass transfer processes have been recently proposed to accommodate singular cnoidal wave solutions, as material instabilities at the stationary wave limit. These instabilities appear when the loading rate is significantly faster than the capability of the material to diffuse internal perturbations and lead to localized failure features (e.g., cracks and compaction bands). This type of solution, generally found in fluids, has strong nonlinearities and periodic patterns. Due to the singular nature of the solutions, the applicability of the theory is currently limited. Additionally, effective numerical tools require proper regularization to overcome the challenges that singularity induces. We focus on the numerical treatment of the governing equation using a nonlinear approach building on a recent adaptive stabilized finite element method. This method provides a residual representation to drive adaptive mesh refinement, a particularly useful feature for the problem at hand. We compare against analytical and standard finite element solutions to demonstrate the performance of our approach. We then investigate the sensitivity of the diffusivity ratio, main parameter of the problem, and identify multiple possible solutions, with multiple stress peaks. Finally, we show the evolution of the spacing between peaks for all solutions as a function of that parameter.

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