Adaptive Sparse Transformer for Multilingual Translation

04/15/2021 ∙ by Hongyu Gong, et al. ∙ 10

Multilingual machine translation has attracted much attention recently due to its support of knowledge transfer among languages and the low cost of training and deployment compared with numerous bilingual models. A known challenge of multilingual models is the negative language interference. In order to enhance the translation quality, deeper and wider architectures are applied to multilingual modeling for larger model capacity, which suffers from the increased inference cost at the same time. It has been pointed out in recent studies that parameters shared among languages are the cause of interference while they may also enable positive transfer. Based on these insights, we propose an adaptive and sparse architecture for multilingual modeling, and train the model to learn shared and language-specific parameters to improve the positive transfer and mitigate the interference. The sparse architecture only activates a subnetwork which preserves inference efficiency, and the adaptive design selects different subnetworks based on the input languages. Evaluated on multilingual translation across multiple public datasets, our model outperforms strong baselines in terms of translation quality without increasing the inference cost.

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