Adaptive reconstruction of imperfectly-observed monotone functions, with applications to uncertainty quantification

07/10/2020
by   L. Bonnet, et al.
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Motivated by the desire to numerically calculate rigorous upper and lower bounds on deviation probabilities over large classes of probability distributions, we present an adaptive algorithm for the reconstruction of increasing real-valued functions. While this problem is similar to the classical statistical problem of isotonic regression, we assume that the observational data arise from optimisation problems with partially controllable one-sided errors, and this setting alters several characteristics of the problem and opens natural algorithmic possibilities. Our algorithm uses imperfect evaluations of the target function to direct further evaluations of the target function either at new sites in the function's domain or to improve the quality of evaluations at already-evaluated sites. We establish sufficient conditions for convergence of the reconstruction to the ground truth, and apply the method both to synthetic test cases and to a real-world example of uncertainty quantification for aerodynamic design.

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