Acceleration Methods

by   Alexandre d'Aspremont, et al.

This monograph covers some recent advances on a range of acceleration techniques frequently used in convex optimization. We first use quadratic optimization problems to introduce two key families of methods, momentum and nested optimization schemes, which coincide in the quadratic case to form the Chebyshev method whose complexity is analyzed using Chebyshev polynomials. We discuss momentum methods in detail, starting with the seminal work of Nesterov (1983) and structure convergence proofs using a few master templates, such as that of optimized gradient methods which have the key benefit of showing how momentum methods maximize convergence rates. We further cover proximal acceleration techniques, at the heart of the Catalyst and Accelerated Hybrid Proximal Extragradient frameworks, using similar algorithmic patterns. Common acceleration techniques directly rely on the knowledge of some regularity parameters of the problem at hand, and we conclude by discussing restart schemes, a set of simple techniques to reach nearly optimal convergence rates while adapting to unobserved regularity parameters.



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