Accelerating Deep Learning Inference via Learned Caches

01/18/2021 ∙ by Arjun Balasubramanian, et al. ∙ 56

Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) are witnessing increased adoption in multiple domains owing to their high accuracy in solving real-world problems. However, this high accuracy has been achieved by building deeper networks, posing a fundamental challenge to the low latency inference desired by user-facing applications. Current low latency solutions trade-off on accuracy or fail to exploit the inherent temporal locality in prediction serving workloads. We observe that caching hidden layer outputs of the DNN can introduce a form of late-binding where inference requests only consume the amount of computation needed. This enables a mechanism for achieving low latencies, coupled with an ability to exploit temporal locality. However, traditional caching approaches incur high memory overheads and lookup latencies, leading us to design learned caches - caches that consist of simple ML models that are continuously updated. We present the design of GATI, an end-to-end prediction serving system that incorporates learned caches for low-latency DNN inference. Results show that GATI can reduce inference latency by up to 7.69X on realistic workloads.



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