About penalty-duality methods in fluid-structure interactions

11/18/2020
by   Philippe Destuynder, et al.
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In fluid-structure interaction problems, some people use a penalty method for positioning the structure inside the fluid. This is usually performed by considering that the fluid is very stiff or/and very heavy at the place occupied by the structure. These methods are very convenient for the programming point of view but lead to ill conditioned operators. This is a drawback in the numerical solution methods. In particular the forces applied to the structure by the surrounding flow are not accurately estimated because the penalty parameter – which is a very large number – appears in their expressions. We suggest in this paper a mathematical analysis of the difficulties encountered and we discuss how the penalty-duality method of D. Bertsekas can be an interesting alternative to overcome them.

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