A Versatile Low-Complexity Feedback Scheme for FDD Systems via Generative Modeling

by   Nurettin Turan, et al.

In this work, we propose a versatile feedback scheme which can be deployed for both single- and multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) frequency division duplex (FDD) systems. Particularly, we propose to use a Gaussian mixture model (GMM) with a reduced number of parameters for codebook construction, feedback encoding, and precoder design. The GMM is fitted offline at the base station (BS) to uplink (UL) training samples to approximate the channel distribution of all possible mobile terminals (MTs) located inside the BS cell. Afterwards, a codebook is constructed, where each codebook entry is based on one GMM component. By extracting directional information of the constructed codebook, the proposed GMM-based feedback approach allows to jointly design the precoders of a multi-user MIMO (MU-MIMO) system using common precoding algorithms. Alternatively, the GMM's sample generation ability can be utilized to design the precoders using a state-of-the-art stochastic iterative algorithm. After offloading the GMM to the MTs, they determine their feedback simply as the index of the GMM component with the highest responsibility for their received pilot signal. This strategy exhibits low complexity and allows for parallelization. Simulation results show that the proposed approach outperforms conventional methods, especially for a reduced number of pilots.


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