A unified structure preserving scheme for a multi-species model with a gradient flow structure and nonlocal interactions via singular kernels

06/30/2020 ∙ by Yong Zhang, et al. ∙ 0

In this paper, we consider a nonlinear and nonlocal parabolic model for multi-species ionic fluids and introduce a semi-implicit finite volume scheme, which is second order accurate in space, first order in time and satisfies the following properties: positivity preserving, mass conservation and energy dissipation. Besides, our scheme involves a fast algorithm on the convolution terms with singular but integrable kernels, which otherwise impedes the accuracy and efficiency of the whole scheme. Error estimates on the fast convolution algorithm are shown next. Numerous numerical tests are provided to demonstrate the properties, such as unconditional stability, order of convergence, energy dissipation and the complexity of the fast convolution algorithm. Furthermore, extensive numerical experiments are carried out to explore the modeling effects in specific examples, such as, the steric repulsion, the concentration of ions at the boundary and the blowup phenomenon of the Keller-Segel equations.

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