A Unified Framework for Task-Driven Data Quality Management

06/10/2021 ∙ by Tianhao Wang, et al. ∙ 0

High-quality data is critical to train performant Machine Learning (ML) models, highlighting the importance of Data Quality Management (DQM). Existing DQM schemes often cannot satisfactorily improve ML performance because, by design, they are oblivious to downstream ML tasks. Besides, they cannot handle various data quality issues (especially those caused by adversarial attacks) and have limited applications to only certain types of ML models. Recently, data valuation approaches (e.g., based on the Shapley value) have been leveraged to perform DQM; yet, empirical studies have observed that their performance varies considerably based on the underlying data and training process. In this paper, we propose a task-driven, multi-purpose, model-agnostic DQM framework, DataSifter, which is optimized towards a given downstream ML task, capable of effectively removing data points with various defects, and applicable to diverse models. Specifically, we formulate DQM as an optimization problem and devise a scalable algorithm to solve it. Furthermore, we propose a theoretical framework for comparing the worst-case performance of different DQM strategies. Remarkably, our results show that the popular strategy based on the Shapley value may end up choosing the worst data subset in certain practical scenarios. Our evaluation shows that DataSifter achieves and most often significantly improves the state-of-the-art performance over a wide range of DQM tasks, including backdoor, poison, noisy/mislabel data detection, data summarization, and data debiasing.

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