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A Two-Dimensional Intrinsic Gaussian Markov Random Field for Blood Pressure Data

by   Maria-Zafeiria Spyropoulou, et al.
University of Kent

Many real-world phenomena are naturally bivariate. This includes blood pressure, which comprises systolic and diastolic levels. Here, we develop a Bayesian hierarchical model that estimates these values and their interactions simultaneously, using sparse data that vary substantially between countries and over time. A key element of the model is a two-dimensional second-order Intrinsic Gaussian Markov Random Field, which captures non-linear trends in the variables and their interactions. The model is fitted using Markov chain Monte Carlo methods, with a block Metropolis-Hastings algorithm providing efficient updates. Performance is demonstrated using simulated and real data.


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