A triangle process on regular graphs

12/23/2020 ∙ by Colin Cooper, et al. ∙ 0

Switches are operations which make local changes to the edges of a graph, usually with the aim of preserving the vertex degrees. We study a restricted set of switches, called triangle switches. Each triangle switch creates or deletes at least one triangle. Triangle switches can be used to define Markov chains which generate graphs with a given degree sequence and with many more triangles (3-cycles) than is typical in a uniformly random graph with the same degrees. We show that the set of triangle switches connects the set of all d-regular graphs on n vertices, for all d≥ 3. Hence, any Markov chain which assigns positive probability to all triangle switches is irreducible on these graphs. We also investigate this question for 2-regular graphs.

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