A tier-based typed programming language characterizing Feasible Functionals

02/23/2021 ∙ by Emmanuel Hainry, et al. ∙ 0

The class of Basic Feasible Functionals BFF_2 is the type-2 counterpart of the class FP of type-1 functions computable in polynomial time. Several characterizations have been suggested in the literature, but none of these present a programming language with a type system guaranteeing this complexity bound. We give a characterization of BFF_2 based on an imperative language with oracle calls using a tier-based type system whose inference is decidable. Such a characterization should make it possible to link higher-order complexity with programming theory. The low complexity (cubic in the size of the program) of the type inference algorithm contrasts with the intractability of the aforementioned methods and does not overly constrain the expressive power of the language.

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